Author: Sonia Blachier

Economic trends

Global FDI flows dropped dramatically in 2020 to almost 20% below 2009 financial crisis levels.

Classifications

Classification of economies There is no established convention for the designation of “developing” and “developed” countries or areas in the United Nations system. The designation of...

Calculation methods

Annual average growth rate The annual average growth rate over multiple years is calculated in this handbook as least squares growth rate or as exponential growth...

Abbreviations, symbols

Abbreviations Symbols 0 Zero means that the amount is nil or negligible. _ The symbol underscore indicates that the item is not applicable. .. Two dots...

Notes

The tables in this handbook represent extractions from or analytical summaries of datasets contained in the UNCTADstat Data Center, available at: https://unctadstat.unctad.org/ UNCTADstat is continuously updated...