Classifications

Classification of economies

There is no established convention for the designation of “developing” and “developed” countries or areas in the United Nations system. The designation of economies used in this handbook follows, contrary to previous editions, the differentiation between developing and developed regions made in the “Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use (M49)”, known as M49 -—
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. The category “transition economies” is no longer used. The figures presented for these groups are therefore not comparable with the figures from previous editions of the handbook. For further details on UNCTAD’s new development classification scheme, see -—
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. For a comparison of M49 with the previous UNCTAD development status classification, and with classification schemes used by other international organisations, see -—
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Throughout the handbook, the group of developing economies is further broken down into the following three regions: “Africa”, “America”, “Asia and Oceania”, where the group of African developing economies coincides with Africa, and the group of American developing economies coincides with Latin America and the Caribbean, as defined in the “Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use (M49)” -—
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. Apart from these five groups of economies, whenever possible, data are also presented for the following groups:

  • Developing economies excluding China,
  • Developing economies excluding LDCs,
  • LDCs, according to the -—
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  • LLDCs, according to the UN-OHRLLS -—
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  • SIDS according to the UN-OHRLLS -—
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  • HIPCs, according to the -—
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  • Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS),
  • Group of Twenty (G20) -—
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The present handbook edition now applies a broader list of SIDS maintained by UN-OHRLLS. For a discussion of the different groupings of SIDS in use, see -—
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The UNCTADstat classification page -—
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provides the lists of the economies included in the different groups.

Map 1. World by development status

Disclaimer

The designations employed and the presentation of material on any map in this work do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas). The final boundary between the Sudan and the South Sudan has not yet been determined. The final status of the following territories has not yet been agreed or determined: Abyei area, Aksai Chin, Arunachal Pradesh, Bi’r Tawil, Hala’ib Triangle, Ilemi Triangle, Jammu and Kashmir, Kuril Islands, Paracel Islands, Scarborough Shoal, Senkaku Islands, Spratly Islands.

Classification of goods

For breakdowns of international merchandise trade by product, UNCTADstat applies SITC, Revision 3, -—
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and various aggregates compiled on the basis of that classification. In chapter 1 of this handbook, reference is made to the following five product groups:

  • All food items (SITC codes 0, 1, 22 and 4),
  • Agricultural raw materials (SITC code 2 except 22, 27 and 28),
  • Ores, metals, precious stones and non-monetary gold (SITC codes 27, 28, 68, 667 and 971),
  • Fuels (SITC code 3),
  • Manufactured goods (SITC codes 5, 6, 7 and 8 except 667 and 68).

For the measurement of movements in commodity prices in section 4.1, the UCPI is disaggregated by commodity groups constructed from HS 2007 -—
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. For the correspondence between these commodity groups and HS headings and for the individual price quotations represented therein, see -—
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Classification of services

The breakdown by service category in Trade in services by category page is based on EBOPS 2010 -—
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. The EBOPS 2010 main categories have been grouped as shown in table 1 below.

Table 1. Grouping of service categories on the basis of EBOPS 2010

EBOPS 2010

Trade in services by category page

Transport

Transport

Travel

Travel

Insurance and pension services

Insurance, financial, intellectual property, and other business services

Financial services

Charges for the use of intellectual property n.i.e.

Other business services

Telecommunications, computer and information services

Telecommunications, computer and information

Personal, cultural and recreational services

Other categories

Government goods and services n.i.e.

Construction

Services not allocated

Manufacturing services on physical inputs owned by others

Maintenance and repair services n.i.e.

Classification of economic activities

In the Gross domestic product page, gross value added is broken down by the three broad groups of economic activities below, in accordance with the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 3 -—
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  • Agriculture, comprising: agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing (ISIC divisions 01 to 05),
  • Industry, comprising: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, construction (ISIC divisions 10 to 45),
  • Services, comprising all other economic activities (ISIC divisions 50 to 99).

References

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