UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics 2021

Highlights

International merchandise trade

UNCTAD nowcasts indicate a strong increase of 22.4% in the value of global merchandise trade in 2021 compared with 2020.
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Highlights

International trade in services

20% decline in services trade in 2020 compared with 2019, biggest decline since the beginning of its recording.
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Highlights

Economic trends

Global FDI flows dropped dramatically in 2020 to almost 20% below 2009 financial crisis levels.
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Highlights

Maritime transport

The volume of maritime trade slumped by 3.8% in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
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The UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics 2021 provides a wide range of statistics and indicators relevant to the analysis of international trade, investment, maritime transport and development. Reliable statistical information is indispensable for formulating sound policies and recommendations that may commit countries for many years as they strive to integrate into the world economy and improve the living standards of their citizens. Read full introduction

The handbook provides readers – decision-makers, policymakers, research specialists, academics, journalists, representatives of civil society, and more – with unparalleled access to cross-country comparable sets of global data.

― Isabelle Durant, Deputy Secretary General UNCTAD

Total merchandise trade

Decline in 2020, strong recovery in 2021 Different exposures to...
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Trade structure by partner

Main global trade patterns Trade within and between ‘hemispheres’ With...
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Merchandise trade by product

Regional specialization patterns Decline in trade for several products What...
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Trade indicators

How important is trade for economies? In 2020, the economies...
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Total trade in services

Heavily hit in 2020, recovering in 2021 No region was...
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Trade in services by category

Regional trends over five years International trade in services, more...
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Gross domestic product

Trends in global economy Regional trends Global economic inequality Summary...
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Current account

Current account imbalances across the world Receipts earned by economies...
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Foreign direct investment

Trends and global patterns Inflows and outflows by group of...
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Total and urban population

Slowdown of world population growth Developing economies drive population growth...
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Age structure

Regional distribution of dependency ratios and trends over time Non-pyramid...
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World seaborne trade

Trends and geography of world seaborne trade in 2020 Contribution...
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Merchant fleet

World fleet development and composition Fleet ownership Major flags of...
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Maritime transport indicators

Liner shipping connectivity throughout the world Port container traffic Summary...
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Annexes

Notes

Abbreviations, symbols

Calculation methods

Classifications

Key indicators